Journal: BioMed Research International (2021)
Institution: Shandong First Medical University
Research Areas: Cancer research
Cell Lines: U2-OS, MG-63 and hFOB (Human osteosarcoma cell line, human osteoblast cell line)
Summary: A number of studies have discovered various roles of PAK4 in human tumors, including osteosarcoma. However, the exact role of PAK4 in osteosarcoma and its mechanism have yet to be determined. Therefore, this study focused on interrogating the PAK4 effect on the proliferation and migration ability of osteosarcoma and its underlying mechanisms. With the adenovirus-mediated overexpression of PAK4, the proliferation and migration of U2-OS and MG-63 osteosarcoma cells were stimulated. Furthermore, a liposome-mediated knockout of PAK4 will inhibit osteosarcoma cells from proliferating. In terms of mechanism, the authors observed the positive correlation of PAK4 expression with expression of P21, CyclinD1, CyclinE1, CDK2, and CDK6, which drives G0/G1 to the G2/M phase transition. PAK4 can also activate Erk expression in OS cells and induce EMT. HoloMonitor M4 was used for cell migration studies.